What is Periodontitis or Gum Disease?

You’ve probably heard about gum disease. In fact, the term “gum disease” can mean a variety of problems ranging from gingivitis to peri-implant disease. But what is periodontitis? In this article, we will discuss the causes of periodontitis and what you can do about it. But before we go further, we must understand the underlying causes of this condition. Then, we’ll discuss how gum disease Shelby Township MI  can be connected to other conditions, including Diabetes and Arthritis.


A combination of treatment options for periodontitis and gum disease are available. Surgical procedures can remove the gum pockets, clean the teeth’s roots, and suture the gums back into place. Antibiotics may also be used. The bacteria responsible for periodontal disease and bacteria found in the mouth can be treated with antibacterial medications. Some of these medicines are taken orally or placed topically in the gum pockets.

Peri-implant disease

There are several different types of peri-implant diseases. Almost half of all implant patients suffer from peri-implant disease at some point in their life. These diseases can affect both the soft tissue surrounding the implant and the hard bone below it. Fortunately, many of these diseases are reversible if treated early. Listed below are a few signs of peri-implant disease.


If you have diabetes, you’re already aware of how damaging it can be to your gums and teeth. You may also be experiencing dry mouth, which can lead to thrush, a white patch in the mouth that causes severe pain. Because of diabetes, you’re not producing enough saliva, the natural protective fluid that cleans your mouth from harmful bacteria and food particles. With inadequate saliva, bacteria thrive and cause tooth decay, sores, and ulcers. If you’re diabetic, you should visit your dentist regularly, especially if you’re having a hard time controlling your blood sugar levels.


There are several links between inflammation of the gums and rheumatoid arthritis, including a common bacterium. The bacteria that causes gum disease is known as Porphyromonasgingivalis. It is a bacterium that triggers a complex cascade of events in the body. It may be possible to treat one condition while addressing the other. The researchers published their findings in Science Translational Medicine.

Respiratory disease

Infection of the oral cavity has been shown to interact with respiratory diseases. Respiratory diseases are common and significant causes of mortality and morbidity in human populations. These conditions impose a heavy toll on human health and are expensive to treat. The mouth and lungs are connected anatomically, making the oral cavity a potentially rich reservoir for respiratory pathogens. The presence of oral microorganisms in the respiratory system has only recently been recognized.

Immune system disorders

Whether autoimmune diseases are related to gum disease is not yet known. However, many studies suggest that gum disease Shelby Township MI  may be associated with autoimmune disorders. Inflammation in the mouth is a result of oral bacteria, and the immune system has to be involved in fighting off these bacteria. The presence of bacterial agents in the mouth causes a cellular form of inflammation, which triggers the immune system to attack its own cells.


Tobacco products have numerous health consequences, from heart disease to cancer of the throat and mouth. They contain more than 4,800 chemicals and increase the risk of oral, throat, and lung cancer. Smokers are six times more likely to develop oral, mouth, and throat cancer. In addition, they are more likely to develop tooth decay and gum disease. Moreover, tobacco uses affect the immune system, making it less effective in fighting infections. Hence, quitting smoking is essential to avoid any health issues.

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